Complaints and Investigations

Protect Yourself from Identity Theft

State Medical Board of Ohio investigators will not ask for fine payment or personal/sensitive information over the phone. Investigators never contact licensees via fax. If the Medical Board is truly conducting an investigation and that individual faces action against their license, they will receive an official notice of opportunity for a hearing either via certified mail or by personal service. All fines will be paid online through the official State of Ohio portal, Emails originating from actual Medical Board staff end in

If you would like to verify the identity of a State Medical Board of Ohio investigator, please email a regional supervisor directly:

Complaints and Investigations Key Steps

The State Medical Board of Ohio’s purpose is to protect the public. The Board has a responsibility to evaluate every complaint they receive.



The Medical Board is required by state law to maintain the confidentiality of all information related to Board investigations. For example, you may be the subject of the complaint. However, if you are not the subject of the complaint, you still may be contacted for information related to the investigation. Either way, the investigator cannot disclose your role to anyone, including you, during an open investigation. An exception is that if you are the subject of the complaint, the investigator may be required to acknowledge that fact to you in order to investigate.


Complaint Process

Each complaint is appropriately triaged prior to being assigned to an investigator. Although certain standards are adhered to, each complaint and situation present a unique set of circumstances and is handled as such. Not all complaints result in an investigation or discipline.


Once a complaint is assigned to an investigator, it becomes an investigative case. We investigate using the complaint number assigned at intake.    


Investigative Interview

Upon receipt of the complaint, the investigator may decide to gather preliminary information before contacting the Subject of Investigation (SOI). Such activities may include interviewing the complainant, reviewing an OARRS report or the subpoena of medical records. With the complainant’s permission, the complaint may be sent to the SOI for a response. If allegations pose a serious risk to the public, the complaint may be sent directly to the Enforcement section attorneys for review.


The investigator may contact the SOI by telephone to schedule an interview. Sometimes, the nature of the complaint requires an unscheduled office visit. Examples include allegations of a dirty office or allegations of drug/alcohol impairment. 


Follow-up Timetables

Because the Board conducts thorough and just investigations, an average time for follow-up contacts is not easily determined. Factors which contribute to delays include working in coordination with other regulatory or law enforcement agencies or the unavailability of witnesses. 


Investigative Report and Review

When the investigator has gathered necessary information for the case, they will prepare a Report of Investigation (ROI). The ROI is reviewed and approved by the Investigator Supervisor. The report is then routed to the Board’s Secretary and Supervising Member for review. The Secretary and Supervising Member are responsible for supervising all Medical Board investigations, according to law. 


Determination of Outcomes

The Secretary and Supervising Member determine the next steps of the process, which may include:

  • close the complaint

  • subpoena medical records for review

  • direct additional investigation

  • request an Investigative Office Conference with the SOI

  • direct the development of formal disciplinary action 


Types of Actions: Disciplinary and Non-disciplinary


If the investigation supports disciplinary action from the Board, you will receive a letter from the Board notifying you that you are entitled to a hearing regarding the matters outlined in the letter. For more information about the Medical Board’s Hearing Process, visit State Medical Board of Ohio's Hearing Process


All disciplinary actions are matters of public record and may include:

  • board order

  • consent agreement  

  • operation of law for certain types of criminal conviction



If the investigation does not justify formal action, but does leave the Board with concerns, the Board may recommend remedial education or caution the SOI regarding problematic activities. 


Helpful Links

Disciplinary Guidelines

Fining Guidelines


To check on the status of a complaint, please email: